The 1919 Prohibition

Besedotvorje: Postavi besedo v oklepaju v ustrezno obliko. / Word formation: put each word in brackets into the correct form.

The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting the “manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes,” is ratified on this day in 1919 and becomes the law of the land.

The _______________ (1 MOVE) for the prohibition of alcohol began in the early 19th century, when Americans concerned about the adverse effects of drinking began forming temperance _______________ (2 SOCIAL). By the late 19th century, these groups had become a _______________ (3 POWER) political force, campaigning on the state level and calling for total national _______________ (4 ABSTINENT). In December 1917, the 18th Amendment, also known as the Prohibition Amendment, was passed by Congress and sent to the states for _______________ (5 RATIFY).

Prohibition took effect in January 1919. Nine months later, Congress passed the Volstead Act, or National Prohibition Act, over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto. The Volstead Act provided for the _______________ (6 ENFORCE) of prohibition, including the creation of a special unit of the Treasury Department. Despite a _______________ (7 VIGOR) effort by law-enforcement agencies, the Volstead Act failed to prevent the large-scale _______________ (8 DISTRIBUTE) of alcoholic beverages, and organized crime flourished in America. In 1933, the 21st Amendment to the Constitution was passed and ratified, repealing prohibition.

(Adapted from on 17 January 2017)

Rešitve naloge / Answer Key