Volcanic eruption kills 80,000

Pretekli časi: postavi glagol v oklepaju v pravilno obliko (aktiv in pasiv)/ Past tenses: put the verb in brackets into the correct form (active and passive).

Rezultat iskanja slik za tambora volcano 1815Heavy eruptions of the Tambora volcano in Indonesia are letting up by this day in 1815. The volcano, which _______________ (1 BEGIN)  rumbling on April 5, killed almost 100,000 people directly and indirectly. The eruption was the largest ever recorded and its effects were noted throughout the world.

Tambora is located on Sumbawa Island, on the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago. There _______________ (2 BE) no signs of volcanic activity there for thousands of years prior to the 1815 eruption. On April 10, the first of a series of eruptions that month _______________ (3 SEND) ash 20 miles into the atmosphere, covering the island with ash to a height of 1.5 meters.

Five days later, Tambora erupted violently once again. This time, so much ash _______________ (4 EXPEL) that the sun was not seen for several days. Flaming hot debris that was thrown into the surrounding ocean caused explosions of steam. The debris also caused a moderate-sized tsunami. In all, so much rock and ash was thrown out of Tambora that the height of the volcano was reduced from 14,000 to 9,000 feet.

The worst explosions _______________ (5 HEAR) hundreds of miles away. The eruptions of Tambora also affected the climate worldwide. Enough ash _______________ (6 THROW) into the atmosphere that global temperatures were reduced over the next year; it also caused spectacularly colored sunsets throughout the world. For some time in June and July that summer it _______________ (7 SNOW) in New England, and people were freezing.

Ten thousand people were killed by the eruptions, most on Sumbawa Island. In subsequent months, more than 80,000 people died in the surrounding area from starvation due to the resulting crop failures and disease.

(Adapted from history.com on 17 April 2017)

Rešitve naloge / Answer Key